What is Dyslexia?
“Dyslexia is alearning disability in reading that often affects spelling. In fact, reading disability is the most widely known and most carefully studied of the learning disabilities, affecting 80% of all those designated as learning disabled.
It is neurobiological in origin, meaning that the problem is located physically in the brain. Dyslexia is not caused by poverty, developmental delay, speech or hearing impairments, or learning a second language, although those conditions may put a child more at risk for developing a reading disability. (Snow, Burns, & Griffin, 1998).”
“Dyslexia is due to a defect in the brain's processing of graphic symbols. It is a learning disability that alters the way the brain processes written material and typically characterized by difficulties in word recognition, spelling, and decoding.
People with dyslexia have problems with reading comprehension. Dyslexia is a neurological and often genetic condition, and not the result of poor teaching, instruction, or upbringing.
The problem in dyslexia is a linguistic one, not a visual one. Dyslexia in no way stems from any lack of intelligence. People with severe dyslexia can be brilliant.
Although it is a neurological condition, dyslexia has no link to intelligence. The effects of dyslexia vary from person to person. The only shared trait among people with dyslexia is that they read at levels lower than typical for people of their age.”