How to Reference in Turabian
The information in this style guide is taken from:
Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers. 9th ed. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2018.
Available as a reference book through the AC Library.
For further information about how to reference in Turabian, check out the Citation Quick Guide from the Turabian website.
- The bibliography should be sorted in alphabetical order by surname. References that do not include an author should be sorted by the first letter of the title.
- Any designations such as Dr, Professor, Mrs, or academic qualifications etc., are omitted from your citation of the author
- i.e. Grey, Jacqueline, not Grey, Dr Jacqueline
- Title of the book is italicised
- e.g. Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament: Introducing the Conceptual World of the Hebrew Bible
- The title of the book retains the original spelling
- e.g. for the book, What Color is Your Parachute?: Guide to Job-Hunting Online, the spelling of 'colour' should not be altered to the Australian spelling
- Each word in the title of the book should be capitalised, except for the articles, prepositions and coordinating conjunctions
- For example, the words: ‘the’, ‘and’, ‘for’, ‘but’, ‘or’, ‘it’, ‘a’, ‘is’, etc., are not capitalised within the title unless it is the first word of the title.
- e.g. Reckoning with the Past: Historical Essays on American Evangelicalism from the Institute for the Study of American Evangelicals
- Footnotes can include more than one reference within the same footnote. Placing footnotes side by side can be confusing (e.g. 12 could be 1 and 2, or 12) or distracting (e.g. if you want to cite five sources16,17,18,19,20,21). Instead, you can incorporate the references into the same footnote, separated by a semi-colon (;), e.g.
1Grey, Them, Us & Me, 172; Greenberger, Networks for Research and Education, 35; Konz, "The Even Greater Commission," 338.
- Do not include ISBN numbers, postcodes or copyright symbols etc.
Differences Between Footnotes and Bibliography
Note the differences in the examples given below.
- The author's name is in a different order.
- The facts of publication (place, publisher and date) ARE put in parentheses or brackets in the footnotes, but NOT in the bibliography.
- The footnotes use commas while the bibliography uses full stops.
- In the footnotes, you must include the page number where you found the information in that resource. By contrast, the only time page numbers appear in a bibliography is for a journal article or a book chapter (see instructions in this manual).
In the footnote
Jacqueline Grey, Them, Us and Me: How the Old Testament Speaks to People Today (Sydney, NSW: APPS & SCD Press, 2007), 45.
In the bibliographyGrey, Jacqueline. Them, Us and Me: How the Old Testament Speaks to People Today. Sydney, NSW: APPS & SCD Press, 2007.